A Complete Guide To Rat Pests

Rats are medium-sized, long-tailed rodents that are common pests in homes all over the world. Although there’re several reasons why you wouldn’t want these pests inside your home, the most prominent is their destructive nature.
Rats gnaw on almost any material they come across from wire insulation to plastic pipes.

This not only causes expensive damage to your home, but also exposes your home to the risk of fire due to the naked wires left behind.

Additionally, rats can spread diseases to humans and pets. Diseases can be spread directly through bites, contaminated food and inhalation or ingestion of rat droppings and other excretions. Rats could also have other pests on them such as ticks and fleas which they could introduce into your house causing indirect disease propagation.

The Life Cycle Of A Rat

Rats do not have specific breeding seasons and will usually reproduce throughout the year provided the conditions are favourable.

Females reach sexual maturity in about 5 weeks and can produce up to five litters a year. A single litter could produce as many as 14 young. This quick reproduction means that infestations will develop quickly if not acted upon expeditiously.

In favourable conditions, a rat will live for about 3 years but this is reduced to one year for most rats due to unfavourable living conditions. (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_rat#Reproduction_and_life_cycle)

Have you identified a rat infestation in or around your home? Get rid of your rat problem with our range of rat control products.

How To Identify A Rat Infestation

Because rats are nocturnal creatures that stay hidden during the day, spotting a live one is quite difficult. You’ll, therefore, need to rely on common signs to identify this kind of infestation. These signs include:

  • Droppings shaped like grains of rice and dark brown in colour.
  • An ammonia-like smell that is strongest in enclosed spaces such as lofts and closets.
  • Scratching noises coming from under the floor, decking and in walls as rats move around.
  • Nests built in warm hidden places usually with shredded materials such as newspapers and fabrics.
  • Damaged property and ripped food packaging will also point to a rat infestation.
  • live rodents
  • gnawed holes in stored food such as chicken feed
  • urine (ammonia) odours
  • scuttling in your roof or walls
  • unusual pet behaviour

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identifying-rat-infestation

Have you identified a rat infestation in or around your home? Get rid of your rat problem with our range of rat control products.

Prevention And Control

Rats are attracted to your house by two things; food and shelter. Deny them access to these and you’ll successfully avoid an infestation. This can be done by:

  • Keeping your house clean and tidy. Vacuum regularly, do the dishes, clean food related messes and avoid clutter.
  • Keeping your food in secure containers preferably those made from glass or metal.
  • Checking and sealing all holes in your house’s walls.
  • Covering bins used for food waste.

Although these precautions will help keep rats away, their effectiveness is not guaranteed. They’ll also not work for already existing infestations. For the best results, you’ll have to use professional rat control products.

Click for larger image:rat-prevention-control

Have you identified a rat infestation in or around your home? Get rid of your rat problem with our range of rat control products.

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